You Ask - I Answer 你問－我答
How many lessons a week?
Research recommendations suggest ABA therapy should be intensive (20 - 40 weekly hours), individualised and comprehensive to target a wide range of skills and therapy should be conducted in the form of one-to-one format before transitioning to groups or other natural settings (Maurice, Green & Foxx, 2001). However, with a child that attends school, or other training, it is understandably hard to achieve this. At ABLE, we are flexible to work around you and your child’s schedule to achieve significant outcomes from our ABA therapy.
研究建議ABA行為治療需要是密集式訓練 (20 至 40小時)，個人化地針對全方面的發展，而訓練在成功轉移到小組環境前，必須是以一對一比例師生比例訓練。但是與此同時，我們明白對一個有上學，或者有參與其他訓練的孩子來說，如此的密集式訓練不是容易達到的。在艾藍，我們會有彈性地安排家庭和孩子的時間以從訓練中達到最好的效果。
Who is ABA therapy for?
Do I need a diagnosis for ABA therapy?
Using ABA therapy, we aim to work with children as young as 18 months to adolescents to teach functional life skills for engaging independently in activities of daily living. ABA therapy can work for ANYONE who’s willing to learn new skills. It is suitable for children who have (or suspected to have) behavioral, social-emotional issues, and/or with special learning needs: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Asperger’s Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety disorder, Developmental Delay, Language delay etc. Children that come to ABLE do not need to have a diagnosis for training. We work with any individuals that want to acquire and maintaining skills, and improving behaviors. Primarily the focus will be to equip and improve children’s social, play, language, academic, self-management skills in a one therapist to one student ratio or in small groups.
使用ABA行為治療，我們幫助由18個月至青年時期的孩子，教他們實用的生活技能，以做到獨立處理每天所發生的事。ABA行為治療適用於有行為或情緒問題的，有(或是懷疑有)特殊需要的孩子: 自閉症族譜，亞氏保加症，過度活躍症，焦慮症，發展遲緩，語言遲緩，專注力失調 等。 所以來艾藍的孩子不需要任何確診。我們主要的重心會在教導和改善孩子的社交，玩樂，語言，認知，和自理能力。
When Should I Start ABA Therapy?
Since signs for ASD or other problem behaviours come to light at around 18 months but assessments may not be done until at least 2-3 years old. It doesn't matter whether a child has a diagnosis or not but it is recommended to start ABA therapy as early as possible. It also means that the child has fewer opportunities and time for problematic behaviours to develop and they can learn the appropriate behaviours from the start.
Vietze & Laz (2018) provided ABA therapy to 106 toddlers under 40 months, with an average child receiving a mean number of 290 hours of 1:1 instruction (approximately 1 year of therapy with 5 hours a week). When they reassessed their performance, they showed statistically significant improvements across all areas of functioning including IQ, communication, motor, socio-emotional, adaptive behaviours as well as a reduction in ASD symptoms and barriers to learning. Other studies have shown that children who received ABA therapy before 4 years of age make greater improvement compared with children older than 4 years that received ABA. (Lovaas & Smith, 1988; Turner & Stone, 2007).
Vietze＆Laz（2018）為40個月以下的106名幼兒提供ABA訓練，每個孩子接受平均290小時的1：1教學（每週5小時，為期約一年）。當他重新評估孩子的表現時，發現他們在各方面的發展有明顯的改善，包括智商，溝通，肌肉發展，社交及情緒管理，適應行為及減輕ASD症狀和學習障礙。其他研究也顯示，4歲前接受ABA訓練的幼兒比4歲後才接受ABA訓練的幼兒獲得更大改善。 （Lovaas＆Smith，1988; Turner＆Stone，2007）。